Understanding How Babies Taste and Develop Food Preferences

Smiling pregnant woman eating a healthy salad.

Understanding how babies perceive taste and develop food preferences is essential for parents who want to cultivate a diverse and healthy diet for their little ones.

At Kekoa Foods, we believe that early exposure to a variety of flavors can help children develop a lifelong appreciation for nutritious foods. The process of how babies taste and form food preferences is truly fascinating to explore.

Taste Perception Begins in the Womb

Believe it or not, a baby's sense of taste begins to develop in utero. According to research, amniotic fluid, which surrounds the baby in the womb, can carry flavors from the mother's diet, exposing the baby to different tastes even before birth.

A Preference for Sweetness

Babies are born with a preference for sweetness. This is thought to be an evolutionary development, as breast milk is naturally sweet. When introducing solids, you might notice they prefer flavors like mango or apple at first. However, this doesn't mean that your baby won't enjoy other flavors.

Exposure to Variety

A study from the Monell Chemical Senses Center has found that exposure to a variety of flavors from an early age can help shape a child's food preferences. This includes introducing them to both sweet and savory flavors, as well as various textures. Kekoa Foods’ baby food puree Starter Packs are an excellent way to introduce your baby to flavor variety.

Repeated Exposure

Research indicates that babies might need to try new foods up to 15 times before they accept them. So don't be disheartened if your baby initially rejects certain foods; perseverance and patience are key.

Role of Genetics

While exposure plays a significant role in developing food preferences, genetics can also influence a baby's taste. Some people are genetically predisposed to be more sensitive to certain tastes, which can influence food preferences.

Understanding how babies taste and develop food preferences can help parents introduce a wide variety of nutritious and flavorful foods from an early age. This, in turn, can set the stage for a lifetime of healthy eating habits. Remember, every baby is unique, so what works for one may not work for another. The journey of exploring new flavors with your baby should be enjoyable and rewarding, not stressful.

Always consult with your pediatrician or a dietitian if you have concerns about your baby's diet or food preferences. 


Mennella, J. A., Jagnow, C. P., & Beauchamp, G. K. (2001). Prenatal and postnatal flavor learning by human infants. Pediatrics, 107(6), E88-E88. https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/107/6/e88

National Institutes of Health. (n.d.). Eating habits. Retrieved from https://medlineplus.gov/eatinghabits.html

Ventura, A. K., & Worobey, J. (2013). Early influences on the development of food preferences. Current Biology, 23(9), R401-R408. https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(13)00353-7